Critical thinking charts
Lines represent the sequence and direction of a process. Notation In a standard flowchart, different shapes have different conventional meanings. Implications follow from thoughts.
Questions which target information What information do I need to answer this question? Distinguish your purpose from related purposes. CATLR Tips Critical thinking is goal-directed, so motivation is an essential consideration when teaching for critical thinking. What is the main hypothesis you are using in your reasoning?
Successful transfer occurs when learners see past the surface features of a new situation to recognize familiar patterns in its deeper structure. Bayesian causal nets are rather similar to decision tree diagrams.
Some cultivate this by giving regular feedback noting what learners are doing well in addition to corrections.
Is my inference logical? Make sure that all information used is clear, accurate and relevant. Is my view the only reasonable view? Are there places particularly suited for quality control? What data are relevant to this problem?
Best critical thinking
For example, here we have a very simple tree diagram on the topic of consciousness. What is being presupposed in this theory? Is there an alternative plausible conclusion? Decision trees A decision tree diagram is a diagram that represents the possible consequences of a series of decisions in some situation. Questions which target information What information do I need to answer this question? A deployment flowchart is just a flowchart drawn inside a table with different columns, e. The meanings of some of the more common shapes are as follows: The terminator symbol represents the starting or ending point of the system. Do I study viewpoints that challenge my personal beliefs? They found that courses in which critical thinking skills were explicitly taught as a separate track within a content course had the largest effect. Critical thinking skills are best taught explicitly in the context of course material In a meta-analysis of studies, Abrami, et al. The likelihood of successful transfer is reduced, however, if learner knowledge is too tightly-bound to the original context in which it was learned. Are there duplicated or redundant processes? CATLR Tips Critical thinking is goal-directed, so motivation is an essential consideration when teaching for critical thinking. Be clear about the concepts you are using and use them justifiably.
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