The history and impact of the underground railroad in america

Canada, one of the final safe havens for many fugitive slaves, was called the "Promised Land" Although Canada was the destination that many runaway enslaved individuals strived to reach, it was not the only destination for those escaping. Estimates vary widely, but at least 30, slaves, and potentially more than , escaped to Canada via the Underground Railroad.

There were a large number of people involved in making it all work because those individuals wanted to bring racial equality to all and freedom to slaves.

long term effects of the underground railroad

A prominent figure associated with the Underground Railroad was Harriet Tubmanwho escaped from slavery in Maryland in the late s. They eventually escaped either to the North or to Canada, where slavery had been abolished during the s. I must forsake friends and neighbors, wife and child, or consent to live and die a slave.

In some parts of the North, slave-catchers needed police protection to exercise their federal authority. This update created harsher penalties and set up a system of commissioners that promoted favoritism towards slave owners and led to some freed slaves being recaptured.

The history and impact of the underground railroad in america

In reality, its work moved aboveground as part of the Union effort against the Confederacy. It stipulated a more stringent Fugitive Slave Law ; ostensibly, the compromise addressed regional problems by compelling officials of free states to assist slave catchers, granting them immunity to operate in free states. Peter Ripley. Members might range from former slaves to prominent abolitionists to ordinary citizens who would spontaneously help the cause. Involvement with the Underground Railroad was not only dangerous, but it was also illegal. With his home acting as a station for the fugitive slaves, Coffin successfully aided about three thousand slaves escape through the methods of the Underground Railroad. Born a slave named Araminta Ross, she took the name Harriet Tubman was her married name when, in , she escaped a plantation in Maryland with two of her brothers. Unfortunately for the northern states, the re-enslavement act brought the reality of slavery to a Union that was supposed to be against it. In addition, Underground Railroad historian Giles Wright has published a pamphlet debunking the quilt code. Some buildings, such as the Crenshaw House in far southeastern Illinois , are known sites where free blacks were sold into slavery, known as the " Reverse Underground Railroad ". While he was enduring his return to slavery, abolitionists were working to raise funds and within a year of his trial they had enough money to buy his freedom. In this case, the authorities were tricked into going to the regular location station in an attempt to intercept the runaways, while Still met them at the correct station and guided them to safety.

For the old man is a-waiting to carry you to freedom, if you follow the drinking gourd. He later published these accounts in the book The Underground Railroad: Authentic Narratives and First-Hand Accountsa valuable resource for historians to understand how the system worked and learn about individual ingenuity in escapes.

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The Underground Railroad Leaves its Tracks in History