June 5, - The House of Burgesses gathers in Jamestown. Berkeley's antagonist, young Nathaniel Bacon, Jr. The reforms were prompted by the population, cutting through all class lines.
The decision is fiercely criticised by some colonists who believe the Indians should be removed and that the Governor has made the proposal in order to increase taxes Bacon's Rebellion Spring: Colonists, including Nathaniel Bacon, were furious at the prospect of a rise in taxes, the low prices for tobacco and resented the special privileges given those close to the governor.
Governor Sir William Berkeley, seventy when the crisis began, was a veteran of the English Civil Wars, a frontier Indian fighter, a King's favorite in his first term as Governor in the 's, and a playwright and scholar.
After a standoff, the governor yields to Bacon's demands. The Indian wars which resulted from this directive led to the high taxes to pay the army and to the general discontent in the colony for having to shoulder that burden.
It leveled several accusations against Berkeley:  that "upon specious pretense of public works [he] raised great unjust taxes upon the commonality"; advancing favorites to high public offices; monopolizing the beaver trade with the Native Americans; being pro-Native American.
But closer examination of the facts reveals what it really was: a power struggle between two very strong personalities. Settlers in Piedmont saw the Indians as obstacles and enemies,As settlers move,they ask for land from the Indians. The farmers in the Piedmont and the Tidewater continued to feud for more than almost a century.
Pictures have been include wherever possible which show who fought in Bacon's Rebellion. Berkeley granted Bacon's previous volunteer commission but Bacon refused it and demanded that he be made General of all forces against the Indians, which Berkeley emphatically refused and walked away.
Berkeley then issued two petitions declaring Bacon a rebel and pardoning Bacon's men if they went home peacefully. September 19, - A day after the capital is abandoned by Governor Sir William Berkeley, Nathaniel Bacon orders his men to "laye itt level with the Ground.